Robot Surgeons: The Future of Medical Science.

Advances in software development & robotics hold huge promise for revolutionizing surgery & many are already making their path into the clinic.

In 2016 VR was first introduced to be an astounding technology for sharing an immersive view of a surgeon’s work in real time. Surgeon Shafi Ahmed executed a live, 360-degree broadcast of a tumour-removal surgery. Unlike video footage, VR allows surgical students to observe closely their surroundings, check on other members of the surgical group.

Researchers at the University of Rochester Medical Center, New York, successfully changed medical scans into computer generated blueprints to print artificial organs that exactly look, feel, bleed & have the same properties as real organs.

This is to allow aspiring surgeons to sharpen their skills to a high standard before beginning on real patients. Apart from it,3D-printed models can be used for setting up & practise complex surgeries in advance, improving the chance of 
their success, even by experienced surgeons.

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Established robotic systems, such as the da Vinci Surgical System are efficient enough to manage minimally invasive processes that are largely unparalleled by human hands. With improved dexterity & internal 3D views, robotics unlocks new possibilities in operations that were previously inhibited by a surgeon’s restricted view & limited range of motion. The estimated value of the surgical robotics market by 2020 is 6.4 billion dollars.

Process For AR Surgery:

1. Examine the body:
The patient first goes through a CT scan that shows the positions of their bones, blood vessels, connective tissues, muscles & fat.

2. Transforming the scan:
A system scans the data and creates a set of polygonal models and digital images that the surgeon’s HoloLens can use.

3. Mapping:
The system generated data is mapped onto the patient, allowing the surgeon to see a digital version of the patient’s internal parts during surgery.

4. Observing the details:
A mesh-processing step increases the accuracy of the digital model, meaning the surgeon can be confident about the internal tissue’s position.

5. AR surgery:
The surgeon wears a HoloLens during surgery, which shows them the exact locations of tissues and structures.

How augmented reality(AR) will improve & enhance a surgeon’s ability to execute life-saving operations:

   1. Advises of external surgical experts
   2. Voice control
   3. Sensory insight
   4. Learning templates
   5. Constant feedback
   6. Virtual assistant
   7. Smart tools

Advantages of The Da Vinci Surgical System:

   1. Minimizing damage
   2. Complete control
   3. Enhanced dexterity
   4. A better view
   5. New angles & new insight

Over the next few years, we will notice exceptional growth in the medical field due to the advances made possible by robot surgeons & AI technologies. It will allow people around the world to experience safer & more efficient surgeries, making it easier to prevent and cure diseases.