Poila Boishakh or Bengali New Year- History and Significance of Poila Boishakh

Poila Boishakh marks the first day of the initial month of Boishakh of the Bengali calendar. The Poila Baishakh commemoration usually happens on the 14th of April every year but in India, it can also be celebrated a day later.


People from the Bengali community celebrate Poila Baisakh by greeting each other ‘Shubho Nobobarsho’. They seek blessings from God and their elders. Several dishes are prepared to mark the day, houses are decked up and people wear new clothes. A harvest calendar called Fasholi Shan was then created and some people believe that this was the advent of the Bengali calendar.


History & Significance of Poila Boishakh


The story behind the inception of Pahela Baishakh dates back to the Mughal period when emperor Akbar asked his royal astronomer Fathullah Shirazi to come with a new calendar for the Bengalis which will aid tax collection. The emperor wanted to time the collection of taxes at the time of harvest and hence took up this initiative. Some historians also attribute the Bangla calendar to the 7th-century king Shashanka. The term Bangabda which means the Bangla year has been found in century-old Shiva temples stating the festivities could be significantly old.


People worship Lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi on this day and pray for a prosperous business. All debts and pending payments are cleared on this day before opening a new transaction record for the new year.